Robert Hess

17 mai 2019

Mc Gill University, Canada

Adult cortical plasticity

invité par Frédéric Chavane

Hubel and Wiesel, Nobel Laureates in 1981, were the first to discover that columns exist in the visual cortex representing left and right eye inputs (ocular dominance columns), and they also found that there is a critical period for visual development that occurs within the first year of life. More recently, however, it has become clear that some plasticity remains into adulthood. Recent work shows that this plasticity extends to monocular contrast sensitivity as well as ocular dominance (OD) in adults, which could potentially lead to direct therapeutic benefit. Neuroplastic changes can occur as the result of perceptual training, non-invasive brain stimulation or short-term visual deprivation. Short-term visual deprivation in adults improves sensitivity of the deprived eye and reduces sensitivity of the non-deprived eye, allowing the two eyes’ inputs to be rebalanced at the level of binocular integration. In this talk, I will review the evidence from my lab for adult cortical plasticity using a variety of approaches.

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